Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Rosiglitazone and 15-Deoxy-Delta(12,14)-Prostaglandin J(2), PPARgamma Agonists, Differentially Regulate Cigarette Smoke-Mediated Pro-Inflammatory Cytokine Release in Monocytes/Macrophages


Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands have the potential for use as anti-inflammatory agents in chronic airway diseases. We hypothesized that cigarette smoke (CS)-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine release would be downregulated in the monocyte-macrophage cell line (MonoMac6) by synthetic and natural PPARgamma ligands. Surprisingly, treatment of MonoMac6 cells with the natural PPARgamma ligand 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) led to increased cytokine (IL-8) release in response to either TNF-alpha or CS extract (CSE). However, exposure to rosiglitazone, a synthetic agonist, led to decreased TNF-alpha, but not CSE, mediated cytokine release. Cytokine release correlated with nuclear PPARgamma localization; CSE reduced the amount of activated PPARgamma located in the nucleus and formed aldehyde adducts as PPARgamma protein carbonyls. Furthermore, it was shown that PPARgamma interacts with the RelA/p65 subunit of NF-kappaB under TNF-alpha exposure conditions, but this interaction was disrupted by CS exposure, suggesting that CS blocks this important anti-inflammatory pathway involving PPARgamma. Thus, these new data show that activation of PPARgamma with natural or synthetic ligands have differential inhibitory effects on CS-mediated pro-inflammatory mediator release. These data have implications in designing therapies for treatment of COPD and pulmonary fibrosis.

Authors: Caito S, Yang SR, Kode A, Edirisinghe I, Rajendrasozhan S, Phipps RP, Rahman I
Journal: Antioxid Redox Signal., 10(2):253-260
Year: 2008
PubMed: Find in PubMed