Proinflammatory properties of the human S100 protein S100A12
S100 proteins represent a new class of chemoattractants. Here we extend earlier evidence for the proinflammatory properties of human S100A12. A12 induced migration of monocytoid cells, with optimal activity at 10(-10) M and potency of >10(-9) M C5a. Neutrophils were poorly responsive, and lymphocyte migration was not affected. Actin polymerization in monocytoid cells was accompanied by a sustained [Ca(2+)]i flux of a magnitude comparable with C5a. A12 elicited a transient infiltration of neutrophils (4-8 h) and more delayed recruitment of monocytes (8-24 h) in vivo. A12 (approximately 70 nM) was present in synovial fluid (SF) from rheumatoid arthritis patients, and synovium contained A12-positive neutrophils in the sublining and interstitial region, often surrounding the perivasculature but rarely in the synovial lining layer, although some macrophages were positive. The A12 gene was transiently up-regulated in monocytes by tumor necrosis factor alpha (6 h); induction by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was sustained (12-48 h). A12 may contribute to leukocyte migration in chronic inflammatory responses.
|Authors:||Yang Z, Tao T, Raftery MJ, Youssef P, Di Girolamo N, Geczy CL|
|Journal:||J Leukoc Biol 69: 986-994|
|PubMed:||Find in PubMed|