Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Can Haematological Parameters Discriminate COVID-19 from Influenza?


Symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to the influenza virus, but because treatments and prognoses are different, it is important to accurately and rapidly differentiate these diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the analysis of complete blood count (CBC), including cellular population (CPD) data of leukocytes and automated flow cytometry analysis, could discriminate these pathologies. In total, 350 patients with COVID-19 and 102 patients with influenza were included between September 2021 and April 2022 in the tertiary hospital of Suresnes (France). Platelets were lower in patients with influenza than in patients with COVID-19, whereas the CD16pos monocyte count and the ratio of the CD16pos monocytes/total monocyte count were higher. Significant differences were observed for 9/56 CPD of COVID-19 and flu patients. A logistic regression model with 17 parameters, including among them 11 CPD, the haemoglobin level, the haematocrit, the red cell distribution width, and B-lymphocyte and CD16pos monocyte levels, discriminates COVID-19 patients from flu patients. The sensitivity and efficiency of the model were 96.2 and 86.6%, respectively, with an area under the curve of 0.862. Classical parameters of CBC are very similar among the three infections, but CPD, CD16pos monocytes, and B-lymphocyte levels can discriminate patients with COVID-19.

Authors: Gnaba S, Sukhachev D, Pascreau T, Ackermann F, Delcominette F, Habarou F, Védrenne A, Jolly E, Sukhacheva E, Farfour E, Vasse M,
Journal: J Clin Med;2024, 13, 186.. doi:10.3390/jcm13010186
Year: 2024
PubMed: PMID: 38202193 (Go to PubMed)