Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


An exploratory human study investigating the influence of type 2 diabetes on macrophage phenotype after myocardial infarction.


Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) is the primary cause of death in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their in-hospital mortality after MI is still elevated compared with those without T2D. Therefore, it is of crucial importance to identify possible mechanisms of worse clinical outcomes and mortality in T2D subjects. Monocyte/macrophage-mediated immune response plays an important role in heart remodelling to limit functional deterioration after MI. Indeed, first pro-inflammatory macrophages digest damaged tissue, then anti-inflammatory macrophages become prevalent and promote tissue repair. Here, we hypothesize that the worse clinical outcomes in patients with T2D could be the consequence of a defective or a delayed polarization of macrophages toward an anti-inflammatory phenotype. Methods and results: In an exploratory human study, circulating monocytes from male patients with or without T2D at different time-points after MI were in vitro differentiated toward pro- or anti-inflammatory macrophages. The results of this pilot study suggest that the phenotype of circulating monocytes, as well as the pro- and anti-inflammatory macrophage polarization, or the kinetics of the pro- and anti-inflammatory polarization, is not influenced by T2D. Conclusion: Further studies will be necessary to understand the real contribution of macrophages after MI in humans.

Authors: Moratal C, Murdaca J, Cruzel C, Zamiti-Smondel A, Heme N, Asarisi F, Neels JG, Ferrari E, Chinetti G,
Journal: Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc;2023Dec; 49 101309. doi:10.1016/j.ijcha.2023.101309
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 38020056 (Go to PubMed)