Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Single-cell transcriptomics reveals variations in monocytes and Tregs between gout flare and remission.


Gout commonly manifests as a painful, self-limiting inflammatory arthritis. Nevertheless, the understanding of the inflammatory and immune responses underlying gout flares and remission remains ambiguous. Here, based on single-cell RNA-Seq and an independent validation cohort, we identified the potential mechanism of gout flare, which likely involves the upregulation of HLA-DQA1+ nonclassical monocytes and is related to antigen processing and presentation. Furthermore, Tregs also play an essential role in the suppressive capacity during gout remission. Cell communication analysis suggested the existence of altered crosstalk between monocytes and other T cell types, such as Tregs. Moreover, we observed the systemic upregulation of inflammatory and cytokine genes, primarily in classical monocytes, during gout flares. All monocyte subtypes showed increased arachidonic acid metabolic activity along with upregulation of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2). We also detected a decrease in blood arachidonic acid and an increase in leukotriene B4 levels during gout flares. In summary, our study illustrates the distinctive immune cell responses and systemic inflammation patterns that characterize the transition from gout flares to remission, and it suggests that blood monocyte subtypes and Tregs are potential intervention targets for preventing recurrent gout attacks and progression.

Authors: Yu H, Xue W, Yu H, Song Y, Liu X, Qin L, Wang S, Bao H, Gu H, Chen G, Zhao D, Tu Y, Cheng J, Wang L, Ai Z, Hu D, Wang L, Peng A,
Journal: JCI Insight;2023Dec08; 8 (23) . doi:10.1172/jci.insight.171417
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 38063198 (Go to PubMed)