Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Role of monocytes and dendritic cells in cardiac reverse remodelling after cardiac resynchronization therapy.


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Monocytes and dendritic cells (DC) are both key inflammatory cells, with recognized effects on cardiac repair. However, there are distinct subsets of monocytes with potential for beneficial or detrimental effects on heart failure (HF) pathogenesis. The connection between reverse cardiac remodelling, the potential anti-inflammatory effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and monocytes and DC homeostasis in HF is far from being understood. We hypothesized that monocytes and DC play an important role in cardiac reverse remodelling and CRT response. Therefore, we aimed to assess the potential role of baseline peripheral levels of blood monocytes and DC subsets and their phenotypic and functional activity for CRT response, in HF patients. As a secondary objective, we aimed to evaluate the impact of CRT on peripheral blood monocytes and DC subsets, by comparing baseline and post CRT circulating levels and phenotypic and functional activity. METHODS: Forty-one patients with advanced HF scheduled for CRT were included in this study. The quantification and phenotypic determination of classical (cMo), intermediate (iMo) and non-classical monocytes (ncMo), as well as of myeloid (mDC) and plasmacytoid DC (pDC) were performed by flow cytometry in a FACSCanto II (BD) flow cytometer. The functional characterization of total monocytes and mDC was performed by flow cytometry in a FACSCalibur flow cytometer, after in vitro stimulation with lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli plus interferon (IFN)-gamma, in the presence of Brefeldina A. Comparisons between the control and the patient group, and between responders and non-responders to CRT were performed. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, HF population presented a significantly lower frequency of pDC at baseline and a higher proportion of monocytes and mDC producing IL-6 and IL-1beta, both before and 6-months after CRT (T6). There was a remarkable decrease of cMo and an increase of iMo after CRT, only in responders. The responder group also presented higher ncMo values at T6 compared to the non-responder group. Both responders and non-responders presented a decrease in the expression of CD86 in all monocyte and DC populations after CRT. Moreover, in non-responders, the increased frequency of IL-6-producing DC persisted after CRT. CONCLUSION: Our study provides new knowledge about the possible contribution of pDC and monocytes subsets to cardiac reverse remodelling and response to CRT. Additionally, CRT is associated with a reduction on CD86 expression by monocytes and DC subsets and in their potential to produce pro-inflammatory cytokines, contributing, at least in part, for the well described anti-inflammatory effects of CRT in HF patients.

Authors: Martins S, António N, Rodrigues R, Carvalheiro T, Tomaz C, Gonçalves L, Paiva A,
Journal: BMC Cardiovasc Disord;2023Nov15; 23 (1) 558. doi:10.1186/s12872-023-03574-4
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37968611 (Go to PubMed)