Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Defective monocyte plasticity and altered cAMP pathway characterize USB1-mutated poikiloderma with neutropenia Clericuzio type.


Poikiloderma with neutropenia (PN) Clericuzio type (OMIM #604173) is a rare disease with areas of skin hyper- and hypopigmentation caused by biallelic USB1 variants. The current study was spurred by poor healing of a perianal tear wound in one affected child homozygous for c.266-1G>A (p.E90Sfster8) mutation, from a family reported previously. Treatment with G-CSF/CSF3 or GM-CSF/CSF2 transiently increased neutrophil/monocytes count with no effect on wound healing. Analysis of peripheral blood revealed a lack of non-classical (CD14+/- CD16+ ) monocytes, associated with a systemic inflammatory cytokine profile, in the two affected brothers. Importantly, despite normal expression of cognate receptors, monocytes from PN patients did not respond to M-CSF or IL-34 in vitro, as determined by cytokine secretion or CD16 expression. RNAseq of monocytes showed 293 differentially expressed genes, including significant downregulation of GATA2, AKAP6 and PDE4DIP that are associated with leucocyte differentiation and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signalling. Notably, the plasma cAMP was significantly low in the PN patients. Our study revealed a novel association of PN with a lack of non-classical monocyte population. The defects in monocyte plasticity may contribute to disease manifestations in PN and a defective cAMP signalling may be the primary effect of the splicing errors caused by USB1 mutation.

Authors: Parajuli P, Craig DB, Gadgeel M, Bagla S, Wright RE, Chu R, Shanti CM, Thirunagari R, Grover SK, Ravindranath Y,
Journal: Br J Haematol;2023Oct01. doi:10.1111/bjh.19128
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37779259 (Go to PubMed)