Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Transcriptional characteristics and functional validation of three monocyte subsets during aging.


BACKGROUND: Age-associated changes in immunity are inextricably linked to chronic inflammation and age-related diseases, the impact of aging on monocyte subsets is poorly understood. METHODS: Flow cytometry was applied to distinguish three monocyte subsets between 120 young and 103 aged individuals. We then analyzed the expression profiles of three monocyte subsets from 9 young and 9 older donors and CD14+ monocytes from 1202 individuals between 44 and 83 years old. Flow cytometry was used to measure beta-galactosidase activities, ROS levels, mitochondrial contents, mitochondrial membrane potentials (MMPs) and intracellular IL-6 levels in three monocyte subsets of young and elderly individuals, and plasma IL-6 levels were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Mitochondrial stress and glycolytic rate of CD14+ monocytes from young and aged individuals were measured by Seahorse XFe24 Analyzer. RESULTS: Compared with young individuals, the percentage of classical subset in aged persons significantly decreased, while the proportion of nonclassical subset increased. Age-related differential genes were obviously enriched in cellular senescence, ROS, oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondrial respiratory chain, IL-6 and ribosome-related pathways. Compared with young individuals, the beta-galactosidase activities, ROS contents, intracellular IL-6 levels of three monocyte subsets, and plasma IL-6 levels in aged individuals were significantly elevated, while the MMPs apparently declined with age and the mitochondrial contents were only increased in intermediate and nonclassical subsets. CD14+ monocytes from elderly adults had conspicuously lower basal and spare respiratory capacity and higher basal glycolysis than those from young individuals. CONCLUSIONS: During aging, monocytes exhibited senescence-associated secretory phenotype, mitochondrial dysfunction, decreased oxidative phosphorylation and increased glycolysis and the nonclassical subset displayed the clearest features of aging. Our study comprehensively investigated age-related transcriptional alterations of three monocyte subsets and identified the pivotal pathways of monocyte senescence, which may have significant implications for tactics to alleviate age-related conditions.

Authors: Wang C, Cheng Y, Li B, Qiu X, Hu H, Zhang X, Lu Z, Zheng F,
Journal: Immun Ageing;2023Sep27; 20 (1) 50. doi:10.1186/s12979-023-00377-1
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37759225 (Go to PubMed)