Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Decoding the immune landscape following hip fracture in elderly patients: unveiling temporal dynamics through single-cell RNA sequencing.


BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly have significant consequences, stemming from the initial trauma and subsequent surgeries. Hidden blood loss and stress due to concealed injury sites could impact the whole osteoimmune microenvironment. This study employs scRNA-seq technique to map immune profiles in elderly hip fracture patients from post-trauma to the recovery period, investigating the dynamic changes of immune inflammation regulation subgroups. METHODS: We collected peripheral blood samples from four elderly hip fracture patients (two males and two females, all > 75 years of age) at three different time points (24 h post-trauma, 24 h post-operation, and day 7 post-operation) and applied scRNA-seq technique to analyze the cellular heterogeneity and identify differentially expressed genes in peripheral blood individual immune cells from elderly hip fracture patients. RESULTS: In this study, we analyzed the composition and gene expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from elderly hip fracture patients by scRNA-seq and further identified new CD14 monocyte subpopulations based on marker genes and transcriptional profiles. Distinct gene expression changes were observed in various cell subpopulations at different time points. C-Mono2 monocyte mitochondria-related genes were up-regulated and interferon-related and chemokine-related genes were down-regulated within 24 h post-operation. Further analysis of gene expression profiles at day 7 post-operation showed that C-Mono2 monocytes showed downregulation of inflammation-related genes and osteoblast differentiation-related genes. However, the expression of these genes in cytotoxic T cells, Treg cells, and B cell subsets exhibited a contrasting trend. GZMK+CD8+ cytotoxic T cells showed downregulation of chemokine-related genes, and Treg cells showed upregulation of genes related to the JAK/STAT signaling pathway. Furthermore, we examined interactions among diverse immune cell subsets, pinpointing specific ligand-receptor pairs. These findings imply cross-talk and communication between various cell types in the post-traumatic immune response. CONCLUSIONS: Our study elucidates the notable alterations in immune cell subpopulations during different stages of hip fracture in elderly patients, both in terms of proportions and differential gene expressions. These changes provide significant clinical implications for tissue repair, infection prevention, and fracture healing in clinic.

Authors: Lu Y, Luo Y, Zhang Q, Chen W, Zhang N, Wang L, Zhang Y,
Journal: Immun Ageing;2023Oct17; 20 (1) 54. doi:10.1186/s12979-023-00380-6
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37848979 (Go to PubMed)