Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Increased blood CD226- inflammatory monocytes with low antigen presenting potential correlate positively with severity of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.


BACKGROUND: Hantaan virus (HTNV) infection can cause severe hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Inflammatory monocytes (iMOs) are involved in early antiviral responses. Previous studies have found that blood iMOs numbers increase in the acute phase of HFRS. Here, we further identified the phenotypic characteristics of iMOs in HFRS and explored whether phenotypic changes in iMOs were associated with HFRS severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples from 85 HFRS patients were used for phenotypic analysis of iMOs by flow cytometry. Plasma HTNV load was determined using RT-PCR. THP-1 cells overexpressing CD226 were used to investigate the effects of CD226 on HLA-DR/DP/DQ and CD80 expression. A mouse model was used to test macrophage phenotype following HTNV infection. RESULTS: The proportion of CD226- iMOs in the acute phase of HFRS was 66.83 (35.05-81.72) %, which was significantly higher than that in the convalescent phase (5.32 (1.36-13.52) %) and normal controls (7.39 (1.15-18.11) %) (p < 0.0001). In the acute phase, the proportion of CD226- iMOs increased more in patients with more severe HFRS and correlated positively with HTNV load and negatively with platelet count. Notably, CD226- iMOs expressed lower levels of HLA-DR/DP/DQ and CD80 than CD226+ iMOs, and overexpression CD226 could enhance the expression of HLA-DR/DP/DQ and CD80. In a mouse model, HTNV also induced the expansion of CD226- macrophages, with decreased expression of I-A/I-E and CD80. CONCLUSIONS: CD226- iMOs increased during HTNV infection and the decrease in CD226 hampered the expression of HLA-DR/DP/DQ and CD80, which may promote the immune escape of HTNV and exacerbate clinical symptoms.

Authors: Tang K, Hou Y, Cheng L, Zhang Y, Li J, Qin Q, Zheng X, Jia X, Zhang C, Zhuang R, Zhang Y, Jin B, Chen L, Ma Y,
Journal: Ann Med;2023; 55 (2) 2247000. doi:10.1080/07853890.2023.2247000
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37585670 (Go to PubMed)