Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Pro-haemostatic effect of DDAVP is partially derived through non-classical (CD14dim /CD16++ ) monocytes residing the spleen.


The splenic endothelial Weibel-palade bodies are one of the most important candidate organelles to release von Willebrand factor upon stimulation with desmopressin. However, the presence of functional desmopressin-specific receptor has not yet been demonstrated on endothelial cells. Experimental evidences are in favour of an indirect pro-haemostatic effect of desmopressin, but the exact mediator and its cellular origin are largely elusive. Here, we report partially hampered desmopressin response in a splenectomised severe haemophilia A/Beta Thalassemia patient without any genetic variant relevant to his incomplete desmopressin response. To further investigate the role of the spleen in this phenomenon, the release of VWF from desmopressin-treated human splenic endothelial cells was assessed in vitro. As a result, desmopressin induced the release of VWF from endothelial cells when the cells were co-cultured with non-classical (CD14dim /CD16++ ), but not other subtypes of monocytes or PBMCs. This in vitro study which resembles close proximity of endothelial cells of sinusoids to monocyte reservoir reside in parenchyma of subcapsular red pulp of the spleen sheds a light upon the role of this highly vascularized VWF-producing organ in driving indirect effect of desmopressin.

Authors: Salarilak L, Pirdel Z, Dinmohammadi H, Rokni-Zadeh H, Lavend'homme R, Karimi M, Jacquemin M, Shahani T,
Journal: J Cell Mol Med . 2023 Jan;27(1):30-35. doi:10.1111/jcmm.17606
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36479816 (Go to PubMed)