Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Cytokine storm complicated by cardiogenic shock induced by anti-HER2 therapies.


Cytokine storm induced by anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) therapies has not been reported. We report a patient with breast cancer treated with trastuzumab/pertuzumab who developed severe biventricular dysfunction and cardiogenic shock (CS) 6 months after starting double anti-HER2 therapy. The CS was accompanied by severe systemic inflammation, and cardiac MRI (cMRI) showed structural changes typical of myocardial inflammation. The immuno-inflammatory profile showed significantly increased levels of activation of the complement system, proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-18, IL-17A, TNF-alpha) with increased activity of classical monocytic, T helper 17 cells (Th17), CD4 T and effector memory CD8 T subsets, whereas NK cell activation was not observed. The data suggest an important role for monocytes as initiators of this FcgammaR-dependent antibody-dependent cytotoxicity, leading to the overactivation of an adaptive T cell response, in which Th17 cells may act in synergy with T helper 1 cells (Th1) to drive the severe cytokine release syndrome. After discontinuation of trastuzumab/pertuzumab, hypercytokinemia and complement activity normalized along with clinical recovery. Cardiac function returned to baseline within 2 months of initial presentation, together with a resolution of the myocardial inflammation on MRI.

Authors: Godinho R, Noto A, Fenwick C, Stravodimou A, Hugelshofer S, Peters S, Hullin R, Obeid M,
Journal: J Immunother Cancer;2023Jun; 11 (6) . doi:10.1136/jitc-2023-006942
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37380369 (Go to PubMed)