Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Peripheral blood cellular dynamics of rheumatoid arthritis treatment informs about efficacy of response to disease modifying drugs.


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by systemic inflammation and is mediated by multiple immune cell types. In this work, we aimed to determine the relevance of changes in cell proportions in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) during the development of disease and following treatment. Samples from healthy blood donors, newly diagnosed RA patients, and established RA patients that had an inadequate response to MTX and were about to start tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) treatment were collected before and after 3 months of treatment. We used in parallel a computational deconvolution approach based on RNA expression and flow cytometry to determine the relative cell-type frequencies. Cell-type frequencies from deconvolution of gene expression indicate that monocytes (both classical and non-classical) and CD4+ cells (Th1 and Th2) were increased in RA patients compared to controls, while NK cells and B cells (naive and mature) were significantly decreased in RA patients. Treatment with MTX caused a decrease in B cells (memory and plasma cell), and a decrease in CD4 Th cells (Th1 and Th17), while treatment with TNFi resulted in a significant increase in the population of B cells. Characterization of the RNA expression patterns found that most of the differentially expressed genes in RA subjects after treatment can be explained by changes in cell frequencies (98% and 74% respectively for MTX and TNFi).

Authors: Hedman ÅK, Winter E, Yoosuf N, Benita Y, Berg L, Brynedal B, Folkersen L, Klareskog L, Maciejewski M, Sirota-Madi A, Spector Y, Ziemek D, Padyukov L, Shen-Orr SS, Jelinsky SA.
Journal: Sci Rep;2023Jun21; 13 (1) 10058. doi:10.1038/s41598-023-36999-0
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37344505 (Go to PubMed)