Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Dysregulation of Immune Cell Subpopulations in Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome.


Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare, life-threatening thrombotic microangiopathy. Definitive biomarkers for disease diagnosis and activity remain elusive, making the exploration of molecular markers paramount. We conducted single-cell sequencing on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 13 aHUS patients, 3 unaffected family members of aHUS patients, and 4 healthy controls. We identified 32 distinct subpopulations encompassing 5 B-cell types, 16 T- and natural killer (NK) cell types, 7 monocyte types, and 4 other cell types. Notably, we observed a significant increase in intermediate monocytes in unstable aHUS patients. Subclustering analysis revealed seven elevated expression genes, including NEAT1, MT-ATP6, MT-CYB, VIM, ACTG1, RPL13, and KLRB1, in unstable aHUS patients, and four heightened expression genes, including RPS27, RPS4X, RPL23, and GZMH genes, in stable aHUS patients. Additionally, an increase in the expression of mitochondria-related genes suggested a potential influence of cell metabolism on the clinical progression of the disease. Pseudotime trajectory analysis revealed a unique immune cell differentiation pattern, while cell-cell interaction profiling highlighted distinctive signaling pathways among patients, family members, and controls. This single-cell sequencing study is the first to confirm immune cell dysregulation in aHUS pathogenesis, offering valuable insights into molecular mechanisms and potential new diagnostic and disease activity markers.

Authors: Chen IR, Huang CC, Tu SJ, Wang GJ, Lai PC, Lee YT, Yen JC, Chang YS, Chang JG,
Journal: Int J Mol Sci;2023Jun11; 24 (12) . doi:10.3390/ijms241210007
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37373158 (Go to PubMed)