Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Differential expression of chemokine receptors on monocytes in TB and HIV S.


In the present study, we defined multiple chemokine receptors expressed by classical, intermediate and non-classical monocyte subsets in TB, HIV and TB/HIV co-infection and associate it with the perturbation of monocyte subsets due to the diseases. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from TB+ (n = 34), HIV+ (n = 35), TB + HIV+ (n = 12), as well as TB-HIV- healthy controls (n = 39), were tested for monocyte phenotyping by flow cytometry. Frequencies of intermediate and non-classical monocytes were significantly higher in TB and/or HIV disease relative to healthy controls. CCR2 and CX3CR1 were significantly higher on monocytes in TB disease, whereas CCR4 and CCR5 were present at higher levels in HIV disease. TB/HIV co-infected patients exhibited CCR2, CCR5 and CX3CR1 levels intermediate to TB and HIV subjects, while CCR4 was at a higher level than HIV. Despite the increase in the expression of chemokine receptors due to disease conditions, chemokine receptors maintained their original expression pattern on monocyte subsets. Our data provided new insight into the disease-specific but not monocyte subsets-specific modulation of chemokine receptors in TB and HIV.

Authors: Tamene W, Marconi VC, Abebe M, Wassie L, Belay Y, Kebede A, Sack U, Howe R,
Journal: Heliyon;2023Jun; 9 (6) 17202. doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e17202
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37484366 (Go to PubMed)