Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Comparative Analysis of Fcgamma and Complement Receptors Presence on Monocytes in Pulmonary Sarcoidosis and Tuberculosis.


Sarcoidosis (SA) is a granulomatous disorder, which mostly affects the lungs. Its clinical characteristics resemble tuberculosis (TB), but its treatment is different. The etiology of SA is unknown; however, mycobacterial antigens were proposed as environmental factors in its development. Due to previously revealed immunocomplexemia with mycobacterial antigens in the blood of our SA but not TB patients, and in the search for biomarkers for differential diagnosis of the two disorders, we studied the phagocytic activity of monocytes from both patients' groups with flow cytometry. With the use of this method, we also analyzed the occurrence of receptors for IgG (FcgammaR) and complement components (CR) at the surface of these monocytes, responsible for phagocytosis of immunocomplexes. We revealed a higher phagocytic activity of monocytes in both disorders, but an increased frequency of monocytes with FcgammaRIII (CD16) and decreased with CR1 (CD35) receptor in the blood of SA vs. TB patients. With regard to our other genetic study on FcgammaRIII variants in SA and TB, this may account for the decreased clearance of immunocomplexes and different immune responses in the two diseases. Thus, the presented analysis not only sheds light on the pathomechanisms of SA and TB but may also support their differential diagnosis.

Authors: Typiak M, Trzonkowski P, Skotarczak M, Dubaniewicz A,
Journal: Int J Mol Sci;2023Jun03; 24 (11)9713 . doi:10.3390/ijms24119713
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37298666 (Go to PubMed)