Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


The dynamic changes of monocytes and cytokines during wound healing post-burn injury.


BACKGROUND: Burn injury is a sudden and traumatic injury that affects a large part of the population worldwide, who are placed at high risk of developing hypertrophic scars (HTS). HTS are a fibrotic scar resulting in painful contracted and raised scarring, affecting mobility in joints and work life, as well as cosmetically. The aim of this research was to enhance our understanding of the systematic response of monocytes and cytokines in wound healing after burn injury, in order to develop novel approaches to prevention and treatment of HTS. METHODS: Twenty-seven burn patients and thirteen healthy individuals were recruited in this study. Burn patients were stratified by burn total body surface area (TBSA). Peripheral blood samples were taken post-burn injury. Serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were separated from the blood samples. This research investigated cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL1RA, IL-10, and chemokine pathways SDF-1/CXCR4, MCP-1/CCR2, RANTES/CCR5 during the wound healing process in burn patients with varying severity of injuries by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. PBMCs were stained for monocytes and the chemokine receptors by flow cytometry. Statistical analysis was done by one-way ANOVA with a Tukey correction, and regression analysis was performed using Pearson's Correlation analysis. RESULTS: The CD14+CD16- monocyte subpopulation is larger in patients who developed HTS at 4-7 days. The CD14+CD16+ monocyte subpopulation is smaller in the first week of injury, where it is similar after 8 days. Burn injury increased CXCR4, CCR2, and CCR5 expressions in CD14+ CD16+ monocytes. Increases in MCP-1 at 0-3 days after burn injury was positively correlated with burn severity. IL-6, IL-8, RANTES, and MCP-1 significantly increased with increasing burn severity. CONCLUSIONS: Monocytes and their chemokine receptors, as well as systemic levels of cytokines in wound healing of burn patients and scar development will require ongoing assessment to enhance our understanding of the abnormal wound healing after burn injury.

Authors: Schaffrick L, Ding J, Kwan P, Tredget E.
Journal: Cytokine . 2023 Aug;168:156231. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2023.156231. Epub 2023 May 27
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37247448 (Go to PubMed)