Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Differences in the Profile of Circulating Immune Cell Subsets in Males with Type 2 Cardiorenal Syndrome versus CKD Patients without Established Cardiovascular Disease.


Maladaptive activation of the immune system plays a key role in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to investigate differences in circulating immune cells between type 2 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS-2) patients and CKD patients without cardiovascular disease (CVD). CRS-2 patients were prospectively followed up, with the primary endpoint being all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. METHOD: A total of 39 stable males with CRS-2 and 24 male CKD patients matched for eGFR (CKD-EPI) were enrolled. A selected panel of immune cell subsets was measured by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Compared to CKD patients, CRS-2 patients displayed higher levels of proinflammatory CD14++CD16+ monocytes (p = 0.04) and T regulatory cells (Tregs) (p = 0.03), lower lymphocytes (p = 0.04), and lower natural killer cells (p = 0.001). Decreased lymphocytes, T-lymphocytes, CD4+ T-cells, CD8+ T-cells, Tregs, and increased CD14++CD16+ monocytes were associated with mortality at a median follow-up of 30 months (p < 0.05 for all). In a multivariate model including all six immune cell subsets, only CD4+ T-lymphocytes remained independent predictors of mortality (OR 0.66; 95% CI 0.50-0.87; p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Patients with CRS-2 exhibit alterations in immune cell profile compared to CKD patients of similar kidney function but without CVD. In the CRS-2 cohort, CD4+ T-lymphocytes independently predicted fatal cardiovascular events.

Authors: Duni A, Kitsos A, Bechlioulis A, Markopoulos GS, Lakkas L, Baxevanos G, Mitsis M, Vartholomatos G, Naka KK, Dounousi E,
Journal: Biomedicines . 2023 Mar 27;11(4):1029. doi:10.3390/biomedicines11041029
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37189647 (Go to PubMed)