Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Single-cell transcriptomic landscape identifies the expansion of peripheral blood monocytes as an indicator of HIV-1-TB co-infection.


Certain circulating cell subsets are involved in immune dysregulation in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and tuberculosis (TB) co-infection; however, the characteristics and role of these subclusters are unknown. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with HIV-1 infection alone (HIV-pre) and those with HIV-1-TB co-infection without anti-TB treatment (HIV-pre & TB-pre) and with anti-TB treatment for 2 weeks (HIV-pre & TB-pos) were subjected to single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to characterize the transcriptome of different immune cell subclusters. We obtained > 60,000 cells and identified 32 cell subclusters based on gene expression. The proportion of immune-cell subclusters was altered in HIV-1-TB co-infected individuals compared with that in HIV-pre-group, indicating immune dysregulation corresponding to different disease states. The proportion of an inflammatory CD14+CD16+ monocyte subset was higher in the HIV-pre & TB-pre group than in the HIV-pre group; this was validated in an additional cohort (n = 80) via a blood cell differential test, which also demonstrated a good discriminative performance (area under the curve, 0.8046). These findings depicted the atlas of immune PBMC subclusters in HIV-1-TB co-infection and demonstrate that monocyte subsets in peripheral blood might serve as a discriminating biomarker for diagnosis of HIV-1-TB co-infection.

Authors: Guo Q, Zhong Y, Wang Z, Cao T, Zhang M, Zhang P, Huang W, Bi J, Yuan Y, Ou M, Zou X, Xiao G, Yang Y, Liu S, Liu L, Wang Z, Zhang G, Wu L,
Journal: Cell Insight;2022Feb; 1 (1) 100005. doi:10.1016/j.cellin.2022.100005
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 37192986 (Go to PubMed)