Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


CD169 expression on monocytes as a marker for assessing type I interferon status in pediatric inflammatory diseases.


BACKGROUND: Evaluation of type I interferons (IFNs) in inflammatory or autoimmune diseases is challenging because of their rapid clearance in peripheral blood. The IFN gene expression signature has recently been used to evaluate the IFN status; however, this is often a labor-intensive and time-consuming procedure. Therefore, we assessed the feasibility of measuring expression of an IFN-inducible protein, CD169 (Siglec-1), on monocytes and circulating levels of soluble CD169 as alternative markers for type I IFN status in various pediatric inflammatory diseases. METHODS: Data from flow cytometric analysis of surface CD169 on monocytes and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of soluble CD169 in peripheral blood were compared with serum IFN-alpha levels in 8 patients with viral infections, 5 with bacterial infections, 10 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 5 with Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), 7 with Kawasaki disease (KD), and 8 with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and in 8 healthy controls. RESULTS: Surface CD169 expression was detected mainly on CD14+ monocytes and was significantly increased in patients with viral infections, SLE, and KFD, but not in patients with bacterial infections, KD, and IBD. There were similar trends for circulating soluble CD169; however, there was a significant increase only in patients with viral infections. Surface CD169 levels were significantly correlated with serum levels of IFN-alpha and soluble CD169. CONCLUSION: Analysis of CD169 expression on CD14+ monocytes may be useful for rapid assessment of type I IFN status for differentiation of pediatric inflammatory diseases from type 1 IFN-mediated diseases.

Authors: Sakumura N, Yokoyama T, Usami M, Hosono Y, Inoue N, Matsuda Y, Tasaki Y, Wada T
Journal: Clin Immunol.2023 May;250:109329. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2023.109329.
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37061149 (Go to PubMed)