Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Single-cell RNA sequencing of peripheral blood reveals immune cell dysfunction in premature ovarian insufficiency.


Background: Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is one of the most common causes of female infertility and the etiology is highly heterogeneous. Most cases are idiopathic and the pathogenesis remains unclear. Previous studies proved that the immune system plays a crucial role in POI. However, the precise role of immune system remains unclear. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with POI by single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and to explore the potential involvement of immune response in idiopathic POI. Methods: PBMC was collected from three normal subjects and three patients with POI. PBMC was subjected to scRNA-seq to identify cell clusters and differently expressed genes (DEGs). Enrichment analysis and cell-cell communication analysis were performed to explore the most active biological function in the immune cells of patients with POI. Results: In total, 22 cell clusters and 10 cell types were identified in the two groups. Compared with normal subjects, the percentage of classical monocytes and NK cells was decreased, the abundance of plasma B cells was increased, and CD4/CD8 ratio was significantly higher in POI. Furthermore, upregulation of IGKC, IFITM1, CD69, JUND and downregulation of LYZ, GNLY, VCAN, and S100A9 were identified, which were enriched in NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity, antigen processing and presentation, and IL-17 signaling pathway. Among them, IGHM and LYZ were respectively the most significantly upregulated and downregulated genes among all cell clusters of POI. The strength of cell-cell communication differed between the healthy subjects and patients with POI, and multiple signaling pathways were assessed. The TNF pathway was found to be unique in POI with classical monocytes being the major target and source of TNF signaling. Conclusions: Dysfunction of cellular immunity is related to idiopathic POI. Monocytes, NK cells, and B cells, and their enriched differential genes may play a role in the development of idiopathic POI. These findings provide novel mechanistic insight for understanding the pathogenesis of POI.

Authors: Zhang C, Yu D, Mei Y, Liu S, Shao H, Sun Q, Lu Q, Hu J, Gu H,
Journal: Front Endocrinol (Lausanne);2023; 14 1129657. doi:10.3389/fendo.2023.1129657
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37223018 (Go to PubMed)