Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Monocyte pathology in human tuberculosis is due to plasma milieu changes and aberrant STAT signalling.


Monocyte-derived macrophages contribute centrally to immune protection in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and changes in monocyte phenotype characterize immunopathology in tuberculosis patients. Recent studies highlighted an important role of the plasma milieu in tuberculosis immunopathology. Here, we investigated monocyte pathology in patients with acute tuberculosis and determined tuberculosis plasma milieu effects on phenotype as well as cytokine signalling of reference monocytes. Patients with tuberculosis (n = 37) and asymptomatic contacts (controls n = 35) were recruited as part of a hospital-based study in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Multiplex flow cytometry phenotyping of monocyte immunopathology was performed and effects of individual blood plasma samples on reference monocytes prior to and during treatment were characterized. Concomitantly, cell signalling pathways were analysed to elucidate underlying mechanisms of plasma effects on monocytes. Multiplex flow cytometry visualization characterized changes in monocyte subpopulations and detected higher expression of CD40, CD64 and PD-L1 in monocytes from tuberculosis patients as compared to controls. Aberrant expression normalized during anti-mycobacterial treatment and also CD33 expression decreased markedly. Notably, higher CD33, CD40 and CD64 expression was induced in reference monocytes when cultured in the presence of plasma samples from tuberculosis patients as compared to controls. STAT signalling pathways were affected by the aberrant plasma milieu and higher levels of STAT3 and STAT5 phosphorylation was found in tuberculosis plasma-treated reference monocytes. Importantly, high pSTAT3 levels were associated with high CD33 expression and pSTAT5 correlated with CD40 as well as CD64 expression. These results suggested plasma milieu effects with potential implications on monocyte phenotype and function in acute tuberculosis.

Authors: Ahor HS, Schulte R, Adankwah E, Harelimana JD, Minadzi D, Acheampong I, Vivekanandan MM, Aniagyei W, Yeboah A, Arthur JF, Lamptey M, Abass MK, Kumbel F, Osei-Yeboah F, Gawusu A, Debrah LB, Owusu DO, Debrah A, Mayatepek E, Seyfarth J, Phillips RO, Jacobsen
Journal: Immunology; 2023 Sep;170(1):154-166. doi:10.1111/imm.13659
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37219921 (Go to PubMed)