Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Healthy preterm newborns: Altered innate immunity and impaired monocyte function.


Birth prior to 37 completed weeks of gestation is referred to as preterm (PT). Premature newborns are at increased risk of developing infections as neonatal immunity is a developing structure. Monocytes, which are key players after birth, activate inflammasomes. Investigations into the identification of innate immune profiles in premature compared to full term infants are limited. Our research includes the investigation of monocytes and NK cells, gene expression and plasma cytokine levels to investigate any potential differences among a cohort of 68 healthy pre and full term infants. According to high-dimensional flow cytometry, pre-term infants have higher proportions of CD56+/- CD16+ NK cells and immature monocytes, and lower proportions of classical monocytes. Gene expression revealed lower proportions of inflammasome activation after in vitro monocyte stimulation and the quantification of plasma cytokine levels expressed higher concentrations of alarmin S100A8. Our findings suggest that preterm newborns have altered innate immunity and monocyte functional impairment, and pro-inflammatory plasmatic profile. This may explain preterm infants' increased susceptibility to infectious disease and should pave the way for novel therapeutic strategies and clinical interventions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Authors: De Biasi S, Neroni A, Nasi M, Tartaro DL, Borella R, Gibellini L, Lucaccioni L, Bertucci E, Lugli L, Miselli F, Bedetti L, Neri I, Ferrari F, Facchinetti F, Berardi A, Cossarizza A,
Journal: Eur J Immunol;2023 May;53(5):e2250224. doi:10.1002/eji.202250224
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36929362 (Go to PubMed)