Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Increased Inflammasome Activation Is Associated with Aging and Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Disease Severity.


Aging causes chronic low-grade inflammation known as inflamm-aging. It is a risk factor for several chronic disorders, including chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), a hematological malignancy that is most prevalent in older people. Recent studies suggest a critical role for the NLRP3 (NOD-, LRR- and pyrin domain-containing protein 3) inflammasome in inflamm-aging. However, the mechanisms involved in NLRP3 activation in aging and its involvement in CMML progression are not fully understood. In this study, we report that aging increases IL-1beta production upon NLRP3 activation in human CD14+ monocytes. Interestingly, we found that the TLR1/2 agonist Pam3CSK4 directly activates the NLRP3 inflammasome in monocytes from older but not from younger healthy donors. Furthermore, we observed a dichotomous response to NLRP3 inflammasome activation in monocytes from a small cohort of CMML patients, and some patients produced high levels of IL-1beta and some patients produced low levels of IL-1beta compared with older healthy donors. Intriguingly, CMML patients with heightened NLRP3 activation showed increased treatment dependency and disease severity. Collectively, our results suggest that aging causes increased sensitivity to NLRP3 inflammasome activation at a cellular level, which may explain increased inflammation and immune dysregulation in older individuals. Furthermore, NLRP3 inflammasome activation was dysregulated in a small cohort of CMML patients and was positively correlated with disease severity.

Authors: Andina N, de Meuron L, Schnegg-Kaufmann AS, Sarangdhar MA, Ansermet C, Bombaci G, Batta K, Keller N, Porret NA, Angelillo-Scherrer A, Bonadies N, Allam R,
Journal: J Immunol;2023 Mar 1;210(5):580-589.. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.2200412
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36661356 (Go to PubMed)