Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Lipid nanoparticles (LNP) induce activation and maturation of antigen presenting cells in young and aged individuals.


Herein, we studied the impact of empty LNP (eLNP), component of mRNA-based vaccine, on anti-viral pathways and immune function of cells from young and aged individuals. eLNP induced maturation of monocyte derived dendritic cells (MDDCs). We further show that eLNP upregulated CD40 and induced cytokine production in multiple DC subsets and monocytes. This coincided with phosphorylation of TANK binding kinase 1 (pTBK1) and interferon response factor 7 (pIRF7). In response to eLNP, healthy older adults (>65 yrs) have decreased CD40 expression, and IFN-gamma output compared to young adults (<65 yrs). Additionally, cells from older adults have a dysregulated anti-viral signaling response to eLNP stimulation, measured by the defect in type I IFN production, and phagocytosis. Overall, our data show function of eLNP in eliciting DC maturation and innate immune signaling pathways that is impaired in older adults resulting in lower immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA-based vaccines.

Authors: Connors J, Joyner D, Mege NJ, Cusimano GM, Bell MR, Marcy J, Taramangalam B, Kim KM, Lin PJC, Tam YK, Weissman D, Kutzler MA, Alameh MG, Haddad EK,
Journal: Commun Biol;2023Feb17; 6 (1) 188. doi:10.1038/s42003-023-04555-1
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36805684 (Go to PubMed)