Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Anti-beta7 integrin treatment impedes the recruitment on non-classical monocytes to the gut and delays macrophage-mediated intestinal wound healing.


BACKGROUND: Closing mucosal defects to reach mucosal healing is an important goal of therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Among other cells, monocyte-derived macrophages are centrally involved in such intestinal wound healing. We had previously demonstrated that the anti-alpha4beta7 integrin antibody vedolizumab blocks the recruitment of non-classical monocytes as biased progenitors of wound healing macrophages to the gut and delays wound healing. However, although important for the interpretation of disappointing results in recent phase III trials in IBD, the effects of the anti-beta7 antibody etrolizumab on wound healing are unclear so far. METHODS: We analyzed the expression of etrolizumab targets on human and mouse monocyte subsets by flow cytometry and assessed their function in adhesion and homing assays. We explored wound-associated monocyte recruitment dynamics with multi-photon microscopy and compared the effects of etrolizumab and vedolizumab surrogate (-s) antibodies on experimental wound healing and wound-associated macrophage abundance. Finally, we investigated wound healing macrophage signatures in the large intestinal transcriptome of patients with Crohn's disease treated with etrolizumab. RESULTS: Human and mouse non-classical monocytes expressed more alphaEbeta7 integrin than classical monocytes and were a target of etrolizumab-s, which blocked non-classical monocyte adhesion to MAdCAM-1 and E-Cadherin as well as gut homing in vivo. Intestinal wound healing was delayed on treatment with etrolizumab-s along with a reduction of peri-lesional wound healing macrophages. Wound healing macrophage signatures in the colon of patients with Crohn's disease were substantially down-regulated on treatment with etrolizumab, but not with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Combined blockade of alphaEbeta7 and alpha4beta7 with etrolizumab seems to exceed the effect of anti-alpha4beta7 treatment on intestinal wound healing, which might help to inform further investigations to understand the recent observations in the etrolizumab phase III trial program.

Authors: Sommer K, Heidbreder K, Kreiss L, Dedden M, Paap EM, Wiendl M, Becker E, Atreya R, Müller TM, Atreya I, Waldner M, Schürmann S, Friedrich O, Neurath MF, Zundler S,
Journal: Clin Transl Med;2023Apr; 13 (4) 1233. doi:10.1002/ctm2.1233
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37029786 (Go to PubMed)