Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Plasma Leptin Levels, Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, and Diabetes Are Associated with Obesity-Related Alterations of Peripheral Blood Monocyte Subsets.


Obesity is a dramatically increasing disease, accompanied with comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Both obesity and OSAS per se are associated with systemic inflammation. However, the multifactorial impact of obesity, OSAS, and its concomitant diseases on the immunological characteristics of circulating monocytes has not yet been fully resolved. Monocyte subsets of 82 patients with obesity were analyzed in whole blood measurements in terms of the CD14/CD16 cell surface expression patterns and different monocytic adhesion molecules using flow cytometry. Plasma levels of adipokines adiponectin and leptin of all patients were evaluated and correlated with accompanying cellular and clinical values. Whole blood measurements revealed a significant overall redistribution of CD14/CD16 monocyte subsets in patients with obesity. Monocytic adhesion molecules CD11a, CD11b, and CX3CR1 were significantly elevated. The observed alterations significantly correlated with plasma leptin levels and diabetes status as crucial amplifying factors. The additive impact of obesity, diabetes, and OSAS on the immunological balance of peripheral blood monocytes requires a coordinated regimen in terms of therapeutic treatment, respiratory support, and weight loss to improve the systemic immunity in these patients.

Authors: Meyhöfer S, Steffen A, Plötze-Martin K, Lange C, Marquardt JU, Bruchhage KL, Meyhöfer SM, Pries R.
Journal: Immunohorizons;2023 Mar 1;7(3):191-199.. doi:10.4049/immunohorizons.2300009
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36921085 (Go to PubMed)