Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Monocyte subtype expression patterns in septic patients with diabetes are distinct from patterns observed in obese patients.


Background: Sepsis causes a high rate of mortality and long-term morbidity, associated with an imbalance of innate immunity against infections and inflammation. Obesity and diabetes increase the risk for disease severity. Monocyte dysfunction plays a major role and justify further investigations. Objective: To investigate the distribution and inflammatory phenotypes in circulating monocyte subsets in patients manifesting with sepsis including septic shock with and without obesity and diabetes. Methods: A total of 235 blood samples were tested from critically ill adult patients registered at the intensive care unit (ICU). The cohorts were divided into non-diabetic groups with or without obesity and diabetic groups with or without obesity, suffering from sepsis or septic shock. We determined frequencies of total monocytes and of monocyte subsets in the circulation and density expression levels of functional markers, including CD14, CD16, HLA-DR, CD33, CD163, CD206, and arginase-1 by flow cytometric analysis. Results: When progressing to septic shock in non-diabetic and diabetic patients, the percentages of total monocytes among the leukocyte population and of CD33+ and CD14+ monocytes among the monocyte population were consistently down-regulated compared to non-sepsis in non-diabetic and diabetic patients, respectively. Non-diabetic sepsis patients further presented with decreased CD33 and up-regulated CD163 expression density, which was absent in diabetic patients. We subsequently addressed obesity-related changes of monocytes in non-diabetic and diabetic septic patients. Obese septic patients with diabetes were unique in displaying increased monocytic CD16 and CD163 expression. However, obese septic patients without diabetes solely presented with lower amounts of non-classical monocytes. Body mass index (BMI) dependent changes were restricted to diabetic septic patients, with a significantly higher diminution of the classical monocyte subset and concomitantly increased CD16 expression densities. Conclusion: Distribution and phenotypes of monocyte subsets were differentially modulated in critically ill patients with and without metabolic disease when progressing to sepsis or septic shock. Only diabetic septic patients displayed decline of classical monocytes and increase of CD16 expression densities. Therefore, diabetes but not obesity appears to promote the inflammatory phenotype of circulating monocytes in critically ill patients.

Authors: Ning D, Garg K, Mayer B, Schick B, Bracht H, Barth E, Weiss M, Li C, Schneider J, Schneider EM,
Journal: Front Med (Lausanne);2023 Jan 5;9:1026298 doi:10.3389/fmed.2022.1026298
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36687421 (Go to PubMed)