Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


The mononuclear phagocyte system in hepatocellular carcinoma.


The mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) consists of monocytes, dendritic cells and macrophages, which play vital roles in innate immune defense against cancer. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex disease that is affected or initiated by many factors, including chronic hepatitis B virus infection, hepatitis C virus infection, metabolic disorders or alcohol consumption. Liver function, tumor stage and the performance status of patients affect HCC clinical outcomes. Studies have shown that targeted treatment of tumor microenvironment disorders may improve the efficacy of HCC treatments. Cytokines derived from the innate immune response can regulate T-cell differentiation, thereby shaping adaptive immunity, which is associated with the prognosis of HCC. Therefore, it is important to elucidate the function of the MPS in the progression of HCC. In this review, we outline the impact of HCC on the MPS. We illustrate how HCC reshapes MPS cell phenotype remodeling and the production of associated cytokines and characterize the function and impairment of the MPS in HCC.

Authors: Qiao DR, Shan GY, Wang S, Cheng JY, Yan WQ, Li HJ,
Journal: World J Gastroenterol;2022Dec07; 28 (45) 6345. doi:10.3748/wjg.v28.i45.6345
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 36533105 (Go to PubMed)