Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Altered and allele-specific open chromatin landscape reveals epigenetic and genetic regulators of innate immunity in COVID-19.


SARS-CoV-2 infection causes severe COVID-19 in some patients and mild in others. Dysfunctional innate immune responses have been identified to contribute to COVID-19 severity, but the key regulators are still unknown. Here, we present an integrative single-cell multi-omics analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from hospitalized and convalescent COVID-19 patients. In classical monocytes, we identified genes that were potentially regulated by differential chromatin accessibility. Then, sub-clustering and motif-enrichment analyses reveals disease condition-specific regulation by transcription factors and their targets, including an interaction between C/EBPs and a long-noncoding RNA LUCAT1, which we validated through loss-of-function experiments. Finally, we investigated genetic risk variants that exhibit allele-specific open chromatin (AsoC) in COVID-19 patients and identified a SNP rs6800484-C, which is associated with lower expression of CCR2 and may contribute to higher viral loads and higher risk of COVID-19 hospitalization. Altogether, our study highlights the diverse genetic and epigenetic regulators that contribute to COVID-19.

Authors: Zhang B, Zhang Z, Koeken VACM, Kumar S, Aillaud M, Tsay HC, Liu Z, Kraft ARM, Soon CF, Odak I, Bošnjak B, Vlot A, Deutsche COVID-19 OMICS Initiative (DeCOI), Swertz MA, Ohler U, Geffers R, Illig T, Huehn J, Saliba AE, Sander LE, Förster
Journal: Cell Genom; 3, 100232, February 8, 2023. doi:10.1016/j.xgen.2022.100232
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36474914 (Go to PubMed)