Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Single-cell RNA sequencing of immune cells in patients with acute gout.


Cell subpopulations in the blood and joint fluid of patients with gout are poorly understood. Single-cell RNA sequencing and bioinformatic tools were used to identify cell subsets and their gene signatures in blood and synovial fluid (SF) cells, determine their relationships, characterize the diversity, and evaluate interactions among specific cell types. We identified 34 subpopulations (5 types of B cells, 16 types of T and natural killer cells, 9 types of monocytes, and 4 other cell types) in the blood of five healthy subjects and seven patients with acute gouty, and the SF of three patients with acute gout. We found that naive CD4 T cells and classical monocytes cell populations were enriched in patients with gout, whereas plasmacytoid dendritic cells and intermediate monocytes were more abundant in healthy subjects. SF was enriched in Th1/Th17 cells, effector memory CD8 T cells, mucosal-associated invariant T cells, and macrophages. Subclusters of these cell subpopulations showed different compositions between healthy subjects and those with acute gout, according to blood and SF samples. At the cellular level, the inflammation score of a subpopulation or subcluster was highest in SF, following by the blood of acute gout patients and healthy person, whereas energy score showed the opposite trend. We also detected specific cell-cell interactions for interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and transforming growth factor-beta1 expression in the cells of patients with acute gout. Our study reveals cellular and molecular insights on inflammatory responses to hyperuricemia or uric crystal and may provide therapeutic guidance to improve treatments for gout.

Authors: Chang JG, Tu SJ, Huang CM, Chen YC, Chiang HS, Lee YT, Yen JC, Lin CL, Chung CC, Liu TC, Chang YS,
Journal: Sci Rep;2022Dec22; 12 (1) 22130. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-25871-2
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 36550178 (Go to PubMed)