Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Pro-Inflammatory Alterations of Circulating Monocytes in Latent Tuberculosis Infection.


Background: Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated the activation and pro-inflammatory profile of monocytes in individuals with LTBI and their association with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Individuals 40-70 years old in Lima, Peru, underwent QuantiFERON-TB testing to define LTBI, completed a coronary computed tomography angiography to evaluate CAD, and provided blood for monocyte profiling using flow cytometry. Cells were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide to assess interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha responses. Results: The clinical characteristics of the LTBI (n = 28) and non-LTBI (n = 41) groups were similar. All monocyte subsets from LTBI individuals exhibited higher mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CX3CR1 and CD36 compared with non-LTBI individuals. LTBI individuals had an increased proportion of nonclassical monocytes expressing IL-6 (44.9 vs 26.9; P = .014), TNF-alpha (62.3 vs 35.1; P = .014), and TNF-alpha+IL-6+ (43.2 vs 36.6; P = .042). Among LTBI individuals, CAD was associated with lower CX3CR1 MFI on classical monocytes and lower CD36 MFI across all monocyte subsets. In multivariable analyses, lower CD36 MFI on total monocytes (b = -0.17; P = .002) and all subsets remained independently associated with CAD in LTBI. Conclusions: Individuals with LTBI have distinct monocyte alterations suggestive of an exacerbated inflammatory response and tissue migration. Whether these alterations contribute to cardiovascular disease pathogenesis warrants further investigation.

Authors: Feria MG, Chang C, Ticona E, Moussa A, Zhang B, Ballena I, Azañero R, Ticona C, De Cecco CN, Fichtenbaum CJ, O'Donnell RE, La Rosa A, Sanchez J, Andorf S, Atehortua L, Katz JD, Chougnet CA, Deepe GS, Huaman MA,
Journal: Open Forum Infect Dis;2022Dec; 9 (12) 629. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofac629
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 36570965 (Go to PubMed)