Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Tissue factor expression in human monocytic cell lines


Tissue factor (TF) is a main initiator of the coagulation protease cascade. Control of the expression of this protein in monocytes is essential, since these cells are the only circulating blood cells responsible for TF expression. In this report we have used two human cell lines, arrested at different stages of monocytic differentiation, to study TF expression. The monoblastic cell line U 937 had a constitutive expression of TF surface protein and low TF mRNA levels detected by immunofluorescence or quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction respectively. The phorbol 12 myristate 13 acetate (PMA) was a potent enhancer of TF expression in U 937. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) had no effect on TF expression in U 937. The Mono Mac 6 cell line, with phenotypic features similar to that of mature monocytes, expressed lower basal levels of TF mRNA and surface TF antigen. However, in Mono Mac 6 cells TF expression was induced in response to LPS and TNF. These results indicate differences in basal and induced TF expression between U 937 and Mono Mac 6 cell lines. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Authors: Tenno, T., Botling, J., Öberg, F., Nilsson, K., Siegbahn, A.
Journal: Thrombosis Research, 88: 215-228
Year: 1997
PubMed: Find in PubMed