Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Distinct gene expression patterns for CD14++ and CD16++ monocytes in preeclampsia.


Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious gestational complication affecting the life of a mother and child. The immunophenotype and gene expression profile of isolated blood monocyte subpopulations of pregnant women with PE have not been studied before. In this work, we assessed changes in CD14++ and CD16++ monocyte subpopulations in PE and physiological pregnancy (n = 33). Immunophenotyping, immunomagnetic sorting of monocytes and analysis of the transcriptional profile of their genes were carried out. The percentage of classical monocytes was significantly lower, while the intermediate fraction of monocytes was significantly higher in late-onset PE compared to control. Transcriptome analysis of late-onset PE classical CD14++ monocytes revealed significant activation of inflammation mediated by chemokine and cytokine signalling pathways; apoptosis; regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to stress and others. The most suppressed signalling pathways were associated with T cell activation and selection. In CD16++ monocytes of late-onset PE cases, positive regulation of cell-cell adhesion, integrin signalling pathway, blood coagulation cascade were the most activated ones. The inflammation mediated by chemokine and cytokine signalling pathway and p53 pathway were the most down-regulated in CD16++ monocytes. The obtained results indicate profound changes occurring to two most polar monocyte subpopulations in PE and their different roles in the pathogenesis of this disease.

Authors: Polina V, Maria K, Anastasiya P, Mariia F, Viktoriia K, Kamilla M, Alena P, Zulfiya K, Alexey P, Dmitry T, Andrey E, Gennady S, Timur F,
Journal: Sci Rep;2022Sep14; 12 (1) 15469. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-19847-5
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 36104441 (Go to PubMed)