Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Cytokine-induced transient monocyte IL-7Ra expression and the serum milieu in tuberculosis.


Bacterial components and cytokines induce IL-7 receptor (IL-7Ralpha) expression in monocytes. Aberrant low IL-7Ralpha expression of monocytes has been identified as a feature of tuberculosis immunopathology. Here, we investigated the mechanisms underlying IL-7Ralpha regulation of monocytes and tuberculosis serum effects on IL-7Ralpha expression. Serum samples from tuberculosis patients and healthy controls, cytokine candidates, and mycobacterial components were analyzed for in vitro effects on IL-7Ralpha expression of primary monocytes, monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM), and monocyte cell lines. IL-7Ralpha regulation during culture and the role of FoxO1 were characterized. In vitro activation-induced IL-7Ralpha expression in human monocytes and serum samples from tuberculosis patients boosted IL-7Ralpha expression. Although pathognomonic tuberculosis cytokines were not associated with serum effects, we identified cytokines (i.e., GM-CSF, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma) that induced IL-7Ralpha expression in monocytes and/or MDM comparable to mycobacterial components. Blocking of cytokine subsets (i.e., IL-1beta/TNF-alpha in monocytes, GM-CSF in MDM) largely diminished IL-7Ralpha expression induced by mycobacterial components. Finally, we showed that in vitro-induced IL-7Ralpha expression was transient and dependent on constitutive FoxO1 expression in primary monocytes and monocyte cell lines. This study demonstrated the crucial roles of cytokines and constitutive FoxO1 expression for transient IL-7Ralpha expression in monocytes.

Authors: Harelimana JD, Ahor HS, Benner B, Hellmuth S, Adankwah E, Minadzi D, Aniagyei W, Lamptey MNK, Arthur J, Yeboah A, Abass MK, Debrah LB, Owusu DO, Mayatepek E, Seyfarth J, Phillips RO, Jacobsen M,
Journal: Eur J Immunol;2022Mar13. doi:10.1002/eji.202149661
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 35279828 (Go to PubMed)