Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Critically ill COVID-19 patients exhibit peripheral immune profiles predictive of mortality and reflective of SARS-CoV-2 viral burden in the lung.


Despite extensive analyses, there remains an urgent need to delineate immune cell states that contribute to mortality in critically ill Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Here, we present high-dimensional profiling of blood and respiratory samples in severe COVID-19 patients to examine the association between cell-linked molecular features and mortality outcomes. Peripheral transcriptional profiles by single-cell RNAseq based deconvolution of immune states are associated with COVID-19 mortality. Further, persistently high levels of an interferon signaling module in monocytes over time leads to subsequent concerted upregulation of inflammatory cytokines. SARS-CoV-2 infected myeloid cells in the lower respiratory tract upregulate CXCL10, leading to a higher risk of death. Our analysis suggests a pivotal role for viral infected myeloid cells and protracted interferon signaling in severe COVID-19.

Authors: Cillo AR, Somasundaram A, Shan F, Cardello C, Workman CJ, Kitsios GD, Ruffin AT, Kunning S, Lampenfeld C, Onkar S, Grebinoski S, Deshmukh G, Methe B, Liu C, Nambulli S, Andrews LP, Duprex WP, Joglekar AV, Benos PV, Ray P, Ray A, McVerry BJ, Zhang Y, Lee J
Journal: Cell Rep Med;20211221; 2 (12) 100476. doi:10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100476
Year: 2021
PubMed: PMID: 34873589 (Go to PubMed)