Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Leukocyte inflammatory phenotype and function in migraine patients compared with matched non-migraine volunteers: a pilot study.


BACKGROUND: Migraine is a neurological condition characterized by chronic inflammation. However, not much is known about the potential role of peripheral blood immune cells in the pathophysiology of migraine. METHODS: We investigated the status of peripheral blood immune cells of 15 adults with frequent episodic or chronic migraine recruited chronologically from a randomized clinical trial (RCT) on Nutrition for Migraine (NCCIH 5R01AT007813-05) and 15 non-migraine, healthy volunteers (control) matched by age, gender, and Body Mass Index (BMI). Continuous variables were presented as means +- standard deviationas well as medians, and comparisons between patients and healthy volunteers were performed with non-parametric Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata (StataCorp. 2019. Stata Statistical Software). Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) data were processed using FlowJo software (Ashland, OR: Becton, Dickenson and Company; 2019). RESULTS: We observed that migraineurs had a significantly lower percentage of non-classical monocytes (CD14+CD16++) in blood circulation, compared to the control group. In addition, Migraineurs also showed a significantly lower percentage of blood CD3+CD4+ helper T cells and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells, compared to controls. Differences in leukocyte surface markers between chronic migraine patients and their matched controls were more prominent than those between episodic migraine patients and their matched controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that migraine is associated with dysregulated peripheral immune homeostasis and that inflammation and autoimmunity may play a role in its pathophysiology.

Authors: Li H, Fu Q, Philips K, Sun Y, Faurot KR, Gaylord SA, Mann JD,
Journal: BMC Neurol;2022Jul27; 22 (1) 278. doi:10.1186/s12883-022-02781-4
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 35896985 (Go to PubMed)