Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Monocyte subpopulation profiling indicates CDK6-derived cell differentiation and identifies subpopulation-specific miRNA expression sets in acute and stable coronary artery disease.


Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a long-lasting inflammatory disease characterized by monocyte migration into the vessel wall leading to clinical events like myocardial infarction (MI). However, the role of monocyte subsets, especially their miRNA-driven differentiation in this scenario is still in its infancy. Here, we characterized monocyte subsets in controls and disease phenotypes of CAD and MI patients using flow cytometry and miRNA and mRNA expression profiling using RNA sequencing. We observed major differences in the miRNA profiles between the classical (CD14++CD16-) and nonclassical (CD14+CD16++) monocyte subsets irrespective of the disease phenotype suggesting the Cyclin-dependent Kinase 6 (CDK6) to be an important player in monocyte maturation. Between control and MI patients, we found a set of miRNAs to be differentially expressed in the nonclassical monocytes and targeting CCND2 (Cyclin D2) that is able to enhance myocardial repair. Interestingly, miRNAs as miR-125b playing a role in vascular calcification were differentially expressed in the classical subset in patients suffering from CAD and not MI in comparison to control samples. In conclusion, our study describes specific peculiarities of monocyte subset miRNA expression in control and diseased samples and provides basis to further functional analysis and to identify new cardiovascular disease treatment targets.

Authors: Witten A, Martens L, Schäfer AC, Troidl C, Pankuweit S, Vlacil AK, Oberoi R, Schieffer B, Grote K, Stoll M, Markus B,
Journal: Sci Rep;2022Apr04; 12 (1) 5589. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-08600-7
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 35379829 (Go to PubMed)