Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Age Related Differences in Monocyte Subsets and Cytokine Pattern during Acute COVID-19-A Prospective Observational Longitudinal Study.


The COVID-19 pandemic drastically highlighted the vulnerability of the elderly population towards viral and other infectious threats, illustrating that aging is accompanied by dysregulated immune responses currently summarized in terms like inflammaging and immunoparalysis. To gain a better understanding on the underlying mechanisms of the age-associated risk of adverse outcome in individuals experiencing a SARS-CoV-2 infection, we analyzed the impact of age on circulating monocyte phenotypes, activation markers and inflammatory cytokines including interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the context of COVID-19 disease progression and outcome in 110 patients. Our data indicate no age-associated differences in peripheral monocyte counts or subset composition. However, age and outcome are associated with differences in monocyte activation status. Moreover, a distinct cytokine pattern of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF in elderly survivors versus non-survivors, which consolidates over the time of hospitalization, suggests that older patients with adverse outcomes experience an inappropriate immune response, reminiscent of an inflammaging driven immunoparalysis. Our study underscores the value, necessity and importance of longitudinal monitoring in elderly COVID-19 patients, as dynamic changes after symptom onset can be observed, which allow for a differentiated insight into confounding factors that impact the complex pathogenesis following an infection with SARS-CoV-2.

Authors: Pirabe A, Heber S, Schrottmaier WC, Schmuckenschlager A, Treiber S, Pereyra D, Santol J, Pawelka E, Traugott M, Schörgenhofer C, Seitz T, Karolyi M, Jilma B, Resch U, Zoufaly A, Assinger A,
Journal: Cells;2021Nov30; 10 (12) 3373. doi:10.3390/cells10123373
Year: 2021
PubMed: PMID: 34943881 (Go to PubMed)