Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Comparative immune profiling of acute respiratory distress syndrome patients with or without SARS-CoV2 infection.

Abstract

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the main complication of COVID-19, requiring admission to Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Despite extensive immune profiling of COVID-19 patients, to what extent COVID-19-associated ARDS differs from other causes of ARDS remains unknown. To address this question, we build 3 cohorts of patients categorize in COVID-19negARDSpos, COVID-19posARDSpos, and COVID-19posARDSneg, and compare their immune landscape analyze by high-dimensional mass cytometry on peripheral blood. A cell signature associating S100A9/calprotectin-producing CD169pos monocytes, plasmablasts, and Th1 cells is found in COVID-19posARDSpos, unlike COVID-19negARDSpos patients. Moreover, this signature is essentially share with COVID-19posARDSneg patients, suggesting that severe COVID-19 patients, whatever they experience or not ARDS, display similar immune profiles. We show an increase in CD14posHLA-DRlow and CD14lowCD16pos monocytes correlate to the occurrence of adverse events during ICU stay. We demonstrate that COVID-19-associated ARDS display a specific immune profile, and might benefit from personalize therapy in addition to standard ARDS management.

Authors: Roussel M, Ferrant J, Reizine F, Le Gallou S, Dulong J, Carl S, Lesouhaitier M, Gregoire M, Bescher N, Verdy C, Latour M, Bézier I, Cornic M, Vinit A, Monvoisin C, Sawitzki B, Leonard S, Paul S, Feuillard J, Jeannet R, Daix T, Tiwari VK, Tadié JM, Cogné M
Journal: Cell Rep Med; 2021 May 06 100291. doi:10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100291
Year: 2021
PubMed: PMID: 33977279 (Go to PubMed)