Induction of tissue factor on monocytes by adhesion to endothelial cells
Activated monocytes express tissue factor (TF), a protein that is important in the pathogenesis of thrombotic disorders. We sought to characterize an adhesion-dependent pathway for monocyte activation. In this study, we showed that adhesion of monocytes to cytokine-activated endothelial cells (EC) increased (approximately 5- to 10-fold) monocyte procoagulant activity (PCA). The PCA was attributed to TF because it was dependent on the coagulation factors VII and X, but not VIII, and was completely blocked by an anti-TF mAb. Direct cell-cell contact between monocytes and EC was required. The induction of TF was rapid, peaked at 30 min, and persisted for 4 h. Northern analysis revealed a rapid (approximately 30 min) increase in TF mRNA following adhesion, distinct from that induced by LPS (approximately 2-4 h). Four-hour TNF-treated EC supported TF expression, but 0.5- and 24-h TNF-treated EC had no effect. An anti-E-selectin mAb (H18/7) exerted partial inhibition, whereas anti-VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and CD11/CD18 mAbs had no inhibition. Synthetic Lewis X (Le(x)) oligosaccharide partially blocked TF induction, whereas sialyl-Le(x) (sLex) oligosaccharide had no effect. Cross-linking Le(x) on monocytes, but not sLex, significantly increased (approximately 10-fold) the TF expression. Le(x) cross-linking induced TF in 30 min and lasted for 4 h. All seventeen anti-Le(x) mAbs induced significant amount of TF generation, and epitope mapping revealed a single binding epitope on Le(x). These findings indicate that adhesion of monocytes to activated EC induces TF generation, and also suggest that Le(x) may represent an important signaling molecule on monocytes.
|Authors:||Lo, S.K., Cheung, A., Zheng, Q., Silverstein, R.L.|
|Journal:||J. Immunol., 154: 4768-4777|
|PubMed:||Find in PubMed|