Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Neurokinin-1 receptor signaling induces a pro-inflammatory transcriptomic profile in CD16+ monocytes.


Neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) signaling can be immunomodulatory and it can lead to preferential transmigration of CD14+CD16+ monocytes across the blood brain barrier, potentially promoting the development of inflammatory neurological diseases, such as neuroHIV. To evaluate how NK1R signaling alters monocyte biology, RNA sequencing was used to define NK1R-mediated transcriptional changes in different monocyte subsets. The data show that NK1R activation induces a greater number of changes in CD14+CD16+ monocytes (152 differentially expressed genes), than in CD14+CD16- monocytes (36 genes), including increases in the expression of NF-kappaB and components of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. These results suggest that NK1R may alter the inflammatory state of CD14+CD16+ monocytes, influencing the development of neuroinflammation.

Authors: Pappa V, Spitsin S, Gaskill PJ, Douglas SD,
Journal: J Neuroimmunol; 2021 Apr 15;353:577524 ;. doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2021.577524
Year: 2021
PubMed: PMID: 33640716 (Go to PubMed)