Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Circulating levels of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) are associated with monocyte subsets in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9) is an enzyme promoting the degradation of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDL-R) in hepatocytes. Inhibition of PCSK9 has emerged as a novel target for lipid-lowering therapy. Monocytes are crucially involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and can be divided into three subsets. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether circulating levels of PCSK9 are associated with monocyte subsets. METHODS: We included 69 patients with stable coronary artery disease. PCSK9 levels were measured and monocyte subsets were assessed by flow cytometry and divided into classical monocytes (CD14++CD16-; CM), intermediate monocytes (CD14++CD16+; IM) and non-classical monocytes (CD14+CD16++; NCM). RESULTS: Mean age was 64 years and 80% of patients were male. Patients on statin treatment (n = 55) showed higher PCSK9-levels (245.4 (206.0-305.5) ng/mL) as opposed to those without statin treatment (186.1 (162.3-275.4) ng/mL; p = 0.05). In patients on statin treatment, CM correlated with circulating PCSK9 levels (R = 0.29; p = 0.04), while NCM showed an inverse correlation with PCSK9 levels (R = -0.33; p = 0.02). Patients with PCSK9 levels above the median showed a significantly higher proportion of CM as compared to patients with PCSK9 below the median (83.5 IQR 79.2-86.7 vs. 80.4, IQR 76.5-85.2%; p = 0.05). Conversely, PCSK9 levels >median were associated with a significantly lower proportion of NCM as compared to those with PCSK9

Authors: Krychtiuk KA, Lenz M, Hohensinner P, Distelmaier K, Schrutka L, Kastl SP, Huber K, Dostal E, Oravec S, Hengstenberg C, Wojta J, Speidl WS,
Journal: J Clin Lipidol; 2021 S1933-2874(21)00034-9 doi:10.1016/j.jacl.2021.02.005
Year: 2021
PubMed: PMID: 33789832 (Go to PubMed)