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Monocyte recruitment and fate specification after myocardial infarction.

Abstract

Monocytes are critical mediators of the inflammatory response following myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia-reperfusion injury. They are involved in both initiation and resolution of inflammation and play an integral role in cardiac repair. The antagonistic nature of their function is dependent on their subset heterogeneity and biphasic response following injury. New advancements in single-cell transcriptomics and mass cytometry have allowed us to identify smaller, transcriptionally distinct clusters which may have functional relevance in disease and homeostasis. Additionally, recent insights into the spatiotemporal dynamics of monocytes following ischemic injury and their subsequent interactions with the endothelium and other immune cells reveal a complex interplay between monocytes and the cardiac milieu. In this mini-review, we highlight recent findings on monocyte functional heterogeneity, present new mechanistic insight into monocyte recruitment and fate specification following MI, and discuss promising therapeutic avenues targeting monocytes for the treatment of ischemic heart disease.

Authors: Mentkowski KI, Euscher LM, Patel A, Alevriadou BR, Lang JK,
Journal: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol.;319(5):C797-C806 . doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00330.2020
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 32877204 (Go to PubMed)