Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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A simple score derived from bone marrow immunophenotyping is important for prognostic evaluation in myelodysplastic syndromes.

Abstract

Immunophenotyping of bone marrow (BM) precursors has been used as an ancillary diagnostic tool in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), but there is no general agreement about which variables are the most relevant for prognosis. We developed a parsimonious prognostic model based on BM cell populations well-defined by phenotype. We analyzed 95 consecutive patients with primary MDS diagnosed at our Institution between 2005 and 2012 where BM immunophenotyping had been performed at diagnosis. Median follow-up: 42 months (4-199). Median age: 67 years (33-79). According to IPSS-R, 71 cases were low or intermediate risk. Flow variables significant in the univariate Cox analysis: "%monocytes/TNCs", "% CD16+ monocytes/TNCs", "total alterations in monocytes", "% myeloid CD34+ cells", "number of abnormal expressions in myeloblasts" and "% of B-cell progenitors". In the multivariate model remained independent: "% myeloid CD34+ cells", B-cell progenitors" and "% CD16+ monocytes/TNCs". These variables were categorized by the extreme quartile risk ratio strategy in order to build the score: % myeloid CD34+ cells" (>= 2.0% = 1 point), B-cell progenitors" (< 0.05% 1 point) and "CD16+ monocytes/TNCs" (>= 1.0% 1 point). This score could separate patients with a different survival. There was a weak correlation between the score and IPSS-R. Both had independent prognostic values and so, the flow score adds value for the prognostic evaluation in MDS.

Authors: Vido-Marques JR, Reis-Alves SC, Saad STO, Metze K, Lorand-Metze I,
Journal: Sci Rep; 2020 Nov 20 ; 10 (1) 20281. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-77158-z
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 33219285 (Go to PubMed)