Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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A Sequential Two-Step Cell-Based Assay Predicts Immunosuppression-Related Adverse Events.

Abstract

Immunosuppressants are associated with serious and often life-threatening adverse effects. To optimize immunotherapy, a tool that measures the immune reserve is necessary. We validated that a cell-based assay that measures TNF-alpha production by CD14+16+ intermediate monocytes following stimulation with EBV peptides has high sensitivity for the detection of over-immunosuppression (OIS) events. To develop a sequential, two-step assay with high specificity, we used PBMCs from kidney recipients (n = 87). Patients were classified as cases or controls, according to the occurrence of opportunistic infection, recurring bacterial infections, or de novo neoplasia. Patients who tested positive in the first step were randomly allocated to a training or a testing set for the development of the second step. In the discovery phase, an assay based on the examination of early mature B (eBm5) cells was able to discriminate OIS patients from controls with a specificity of 88%. The testing set also revealed a specificity of 88%. The interassay coefficient of variability between the experiments was 6.1%. Stratified analyses showed good diagnostic accuracy across tertiles of age and time posttransplant. In the adjusted model, the risk of OIS was more than 12 times higher in patients classified as positive than in those who tested negative (adjusted hazard ratio, 12.2; 95% confidence interval: 4.3-34.6). This sequential cell-based assay, which examines the monocyte and eBm5 cell response to EBV peptides, may be useful for identifying OIS in immunosuppressed patients.

Authors: Bouchard-Boivin F, Désy O, Béland S, Gama A, Lapointe I, Lesage J, Côté I, Singbo N, Houde I, De Serres SA,
Journal: J Immunol; 2020 ;205(12):3291-3299 . doi:10.4049/jimmunol.2000782
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 33188075 (Go to PubMed)