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Human innate immune cell crosstalk induces melanoma cell senescence.

Abstract

Mononuclear phagocytes and NK cells constitute the first line of innate immune defense. How these cells interact and join forces against cancer is incompletely understood. Here, we observed an early accumulation of slan+ (6-sulfo LacNAc) non-classical monocytes (slanMo) in stage I melanoma, which was followed by an increase in NK cell numbers in stage III. Accordingly, culture supernatants of slanMo induced migration of primary human NK cells in vitro via the chemotactic cytokine IL-8 (CXCL8), suggesting a role for slanMo in NK cell recruitment into cancer tissues. High levels of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma were produced in co-cultures of TLR-ligand stimulated slanMo and NK cells, whereas much lower levels were contained in cultures of slanMo and NK cells alone. Moreover, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma concentrations in slanMo/NK cell co-cultures exceeded those in CD14+ monocyte/NK cell and slanMo/T cell co-cultures. Importantly, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma that was produced in TLR-ligand stimulated slanMo/NK cell co-cultures induced senescence in different melanoma cell lines, as indicated by reduced melanoma cell proliferation, increased senescence-associated beta-galactosidase expression, p21 upregulation, and induction of a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Taken together, we identified a role for slanMo and NK cells in a collaborative innate immune defense against melanoma by generating a tumor senescence-inducing microenvironment. We conclude that enhancing the synergistic innate immune crosstalk of slanMo and NK cells could improve current immunotherapeutic approaches in melanoma.

Authors: Funck F, Pahl J, Kyjacova L, Freund L, Oehrl S, Gräbe G, Pezer S, Hassel JC, Sleeman J, Cerwenka A, Schäkel K,
Journal: Oncoimmunology; 2020 Aug 30 ; 9 (1) 1808424. doi:10.1080/2162402X.2020.1808424
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 32939325 (Go to PubMed)