Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Changes in peripheral monocyte populations 48-72 hours after subcutaneous denosumab administration in women with osteoporosis.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of denosumab administration in the peripheral blood white cell population, to further elucidate a plausible pathophysiological link between denosumab and osteonecrosis of the jaw. METHODS: Thirty women with osteoporosis, after denosumab treatment were included. Peripheral blood samples were obtained prior to and 48-72 hours following denosumab administration. Flow cytometry gated at the monocyte population for CD14/CD23/CD123/CD16 stainings were performed. RESULTS: We were able to record a number of changes in the monocyte populations between baseline and after denosumab administration. Most importantly, in the monocyte populations we were able to detect statistically significant increased populations of CD14+/CD23+ (p=0.044), CD14-/CD23+ (p=0.044), CD14+/CD123+ (p=0.011), CD14+/CD123- (p=0.011) and CD14-/CD16+ (p=0.028). In contrast, statistically significant decreased populations of CD14-/CD123+ (p=0.034), CD14+/CD16+ (p=0.037) and CD14+/CD16- (p=0.014) were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide evidence supporting the hypothesis that denosumab administration modifies the monocyte mediated immune response in a manner similar to that of bisphosphonates. This may partly explain the trivial immunity changes recorded with denosumab.

Authors: Kyrgidis A, Yavropoulou MP, Zikos P, Lagoudaki R, Tilaveridis J, Zouloumis L,
Journal: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact; 2020 Sep 01 ; 20 (3) 339-346
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 32877971 (Go to PubMed)