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Differential Accumulation and Activation of Monocyte and Dendritic Cell Subsets in Inflamed Synovial Fluid Discriminates Between Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis and Septic Arthritis.

Abstract

Despite their distinct etiology, several lines of evidence suggest that innate immunity plays a pivotal role in both juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and septic arthritis (SA) pathophysiology. Indeed, monocytes and dendritic cells (DC) are involved in the first line of defense against pathogens and play a critical role in initiating and orchestrating the immune response. The aim of this study was to compare the number and phenotype of monocytes and DCs in peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) from patients with JIA and SA to identify specific cell subsets and activation markers associated with pathophysiological mechanisms and that could be used as biomarkers to discriminate both diseases. The proportion of intermediate and non-classical monocytes in the SF and PB, respectively, were significantly higher in JIA than in SA patients. In contrast the proportion of classical monocytes and their absolute numbers were higher in the SF from SA compared with JIA patients. Higher expression of CD64 on non-classical monocyte was observed in PB from SA compared with JIA patients. In SF, higher expression of CD64 on classical and intermediate monocyte as well as higher CD163 expression on intermediate monocytes was observed in SA compared with JIA patients. Moreover, whereas the number of conventional (cDC), plasmacytoid (pDC) and inflammatory (infDC) DCs was comparable between groups in PB, the number of CD141+ cDCs and CD123+ pDCs in the SF was significantly higher in JIA than in SA patients. CD14+ infDCs represented the major DC subset in the SF of both groups with potent activation assessed by high expression of HLA-DR and CD86 and significant up-regulation of HLA-DR expression in SA compared with JIA patients. Finally, higher activation of SF DC subsets was monitored in SA compared with JIA with significant up-regulation of CD86 and PDL2 expression on several DC subsets. Our results show the differential accumulation and activation of innate immune cells between septic and inflammatory arthritis. They strongly indicate that the relative high numbers of CD141+ cDC and CD123+ pDCs in SF are specific for JIA while the over-activation of DC and monocyte subsets is specific for SA.

Authors: Cren M, Nziza N, Carbasse A, Mahe P, Dufourcq-Lopez E, Delpont M, Chevassus H, Khalil M, Mura T, Duroux-Richard I, Apparailly F, Jeziorski E, Louis-Plence P,
Journal: Front Immunol; 2020 ; 11 1716. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2020.01716
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 32849606 (Go to PubMed)