Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Interleukin-23 derived from CD16+ monocytes drives IL-17 secretion by TLR4 pathway in children with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.

Abstract

AIMS: The study aimed to investigate whether IL-23 is amplified in monocyte subsets of MP pneumonia and to determine its relevant pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We firstly analyze the IL-23p19 expression in monocyte subgroups in MP pneumonia patients and healthy controls subjects by using flow cytometry. Then, we also analyzed the percentage of IL-17+gammadeltaT cells and Th17 cells in patients with MP pneumonia and controls subjects. At the same time, the relation between IL-23 and IL-17 were also assessed. Furthermore, we constructed the recombinant community-acquired respiratory distress syndrome (CARDS) toxin and intend to stimulate peripheral blood mononuclear cells and RAW264.7 cells in vitro. IL-23p19 was detected by flow cytometry and the mRNA levels were measured by real-time PCR. Finally, TLR4 pathway was also investigated by TAK242 inhibitor. KEY FINDINGS: It turned out that the expression of IL-23p19 was increased in CD14brightCD16+ monocyte of MP pneumonia patients than controls subjects. The patients with MP pneumonia had significantly higher the percentage of IL-17+gammadeltaT cells and Th17 cells than controls subjects. Interestingly, the levels of IL-23 were positively related to IL-17 in MP pneumonia patients. CD16+ monocytes and RAW264.7 cells, respectively can be induced by CARDS toxin to secrete IL-23 by TLR4 pathway in vitro. SIGNIFICANCE: These results indicated that IL-23-IL-17+gammadeltaT/Th17 axis may play a role in the pathogenesis of MP pneumonia, whereas IL-23 derived from CD16+ monocytes was expanded in MP pneumonia by TLR4 pathway.

Authors: Wang Z, Bao H, Liu Y, Wang Y, Qin J, Yang L,
Journal: Life Sci.; 2020 Jul 26 118149. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118149
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 32726660 (Go to PubMed)